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(Last updated 5/11/04)
AMERICAN ACADEMY ELECTS THREE
OHIO STATE FACULTY
COLUMBUS, Ohio – Three Ohio State University professors have been
elected to the American Academy of Arts
and Sciences, a prestigious international learned society and interdisciplinary
research institution. The three professors –- one each from chemistry,
linguistics, and psychology -- will join the ranks of world-renowned leaders
in scholarship, business, the arts, and public affairs.
“This is a truly outstanding achievement for these professors
and OSU,” said Tom Rosol, interim vice president for research. “It
highlights the quality of our exceptional faculty and the rapid progress
in achieving the goals of the Academic Plan.”
The new fellows are:
Brewer, professor of psychology
and Ohio Eminent Scholar in social psychology. Brewer was recognized
for her work on social identity and intergroup relations. Her research
has shown that discrimination and prejudice is often driven, not by
hatred of outsiders, but by love of insiders. This means that discriminatory
practices, such as preferential hiring, often result because people
are discriminating in favor of their own group, not because they are
opposed to people from other groups. This has implications for anti-discrimination
law, because many such laws state that there must be evidence of discrimination
against a group of people – which Brewer found may not always
be present. Brewer is also well-known for developing the optimal distinctiveness
theory, which helps explain what makes people identify with certain
groups. The theory says that people need to both fit in with a group,
and be distinctive from the group at the same time. This tension drives
people’s group behavior.
"Dr. Brewer's election to the Academy is richly deserved,"
said Randall Ripley, dean of the College
of Social and Behavioral Sciences. "We are proud to have her
associated with our college and are delighted to see her receive recognition
for a career of distinction and accomplishment. She is one of the premier
social psychologists in the world and, with her colleagues at Ohio State,
has developed one of the strongest social psychology programs anywhere.”
Chisholm, professor of chemistry.
Chisholm was recognized for pioneering the use of amide and alkoxide
ligands in organometallic chemistry and for elucidating the reactions
of metal-metal multiple bonds. He is working to develop plastics with
unusual applications, from tissue engineering to electronics. One focus
of his research concerns polymers made from renewable resources, such
as corn; another concerns "smart" polymers that conduct electricity
and form moving parts for electronic devices. He is studying the molecular
structure of these plastics and finding innovative methods to form them
and bond them with metals. Chisholm is also a member of the Royal Society
(UK), which awarded him its Sir Humphrey Davy Medal in 1999.
"It is a real pleasure to have one of the College's most distinguished
faculty recognized by the AAAS," said Richard R. Freeman, dean and
distinguished Professor of Mathematical
and Physical Sciences. "It certainly proves the value of Ohio
State's decision to support its selective investment departments, for
Professor Chisholm was the first chemistry hire under that program."
- Brian Joseph,
Distinguished University Professor of Linguistics
and the Kenneth E. Naylor Professor of South Slavic Linguistics. Joseph
is one of the world’s leading specialists in historical linguistics,
which is the study of how languages change and develop through time.
Much of his attention has been focused on the Greek language, from its
earliest appearance about 1500 B.C. to the present – a span of
about 3,500 years. He has also examined close relatives of Greek such
as Latin, Sanskrit and Albanian. His study of Albanian ties in with
another area of his expertise, Balkan linguistics. Joseph has worked
to learn about earlier stages of these languages, and tracing the way
in which they have progressed through history. Joseph is editor of Language,
the official journal of the Linguistics Society of America. He also
has received the Ohio State Alumni Award for Distinguished Teaching.
"The College of Humanities
is very proud that the Academy has recognized one of our faculty members
as being among the nation's top scholars," said Jacqueline Jones
Royster, interim dean of humanities. "Brian Joseph exemplifies the
highest level of academic accomplishment in our college. He is an OSU
treasure, and we are thoroughly delighted that he is being honored by
such a prestigious acknowledgement of his work."
The Academy was founded in 1780 by John Adams, James Bowdoin, John Hancock,
and other scholar-patriots "to cultivate every art and science which
may tend to advance the interest, honor, dignity, and happiness of a free,
independent, and virtuous people."
The unique structure of the American Academy allows the Academy to conduct
interdisciplinary studies on international security, social policy, education,
and the humanities that draw on the range of academic and intellectual
disciplines of its members. The current membership of over 4,500 includes
more than 150 Nobel laureates and 50 Pulitzer Prize winners.
The Academy will welcome this year's new Fellows and Foreign Honorary
Members at its annual Induction Ceremony in October at the Academy's headquarters
in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Contact: Marilynn Brewer, (614) 292-9640; Brewer.firstname.lastname@example.org
Malcolm Chisholm, (614) 292-7216; Chisholm.email@example.com
Brian Joseph, (614) 292-4981; Joseph.firstname.lastname@example.org
Written by Pam Frost Gorder, (614) 292-9475; Gorder.email@example.com,
and Jeff Grabmeier, (614) 292-8457; Grabmeier.firstname.lastname@example.org