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(Last updated 10/30/03)
AAAS HONORS FIFTEEN
OHIO STATE FACULTY WITH RANK OF FELLOW
COLUMBUS, Ohio – More Ohio State University faculty members have
earned the rank of Fellow from the American
Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) than any other single
institution this year.
With 15 faculty members ranking among the new 2003-04 AAAS Fellows,
Ohio State now boasts 76 Fellows.
“We are very proud of the scholarship of our faculty who have
earned this prestigious honor,” said President Karen Holbrook. “Research
is a key component of our Academic Plan and Ohio State’s impressive
number of new Fellows shows that the quality of our faculty’s work
is receiving national recognition.”
“This is a strong validation of the current level of faculty excellence
in biomedical and physical science research at OSU that is continuing
to develop at a rapid rate due to the expanding research culture at the
University,” said Thomas
J. Rosol, interim vice president for research at Ohio State and a
professor of veterinary biosciences.
The new Fellows include:
Boysen, professor of psychology and head of the University’s
Comparative Cognition Project, for “pioneering studies demonstrating
counting, numerical competence, and other advanced information processing
capacities in chimpanzees that have redefined the boundaries of our
humanity and our primate heritage.” Her program has received international
recognition for its discoveries that chimpanzees and other primates
possess behavioral traits usually regarded as primarily human. Her studies
have shown that chimps will behave altruistically, warning colleagues
of specific dangers; that they can count and do basic arithmetic tasks,
and that they have the ability to learn to “read” on a very
elementary level. These discoveries about our closest primate relatives
are providing valuable insight into specifically how humans learn at
an early age.
E. Bursten, Distinguished University Professor and former
chair of the Department of Chemistry, for “significant contributions
to the understanding of bonding in inorganic compounds and for leadership
in the discipline.” Bursten is an expert in using theoretical
quantum chemistry to explain the bonding and reactivity of compounds
known as transition metal elements (such as chromium and iron) and actinide
elements (such as uranium and plutonium). He is co-author of one of
the most popular general chemistry textbooks, and recently served as
Chair of the Division of Inorganic Chemistry of the American Chemical
A. Caligiuri, professor of internal medicine, molecular
virology, immunology and medical genetics, and veterinary biosciences,
for “distinguished contributions to the fields of natural killer
cell biology and molecular biology of acute leukemia, including a significant
component of translational research.” Caligiuri studies the effects
of cytokines on natural killer cells, and the molecular mechanisms underlying
acute myeloid leukemia and lymphoid cancers caused by Epstein Barr Virus,
as well as new treatments for these malignancies. He became director
of The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center in June.
Eng, professor of internal medicine, molecular virology,
immunology and medical genetics, molecular genetics, and pharmacology,
the Dorothy E. Klotz Chair of Cancer Research, the Director of the Clinical
Cancer Genetics Program and the director of the Division of Human Genetics
in the department of internal medicine, for “distinguished contributions
to the field of clinical cancer genetics by applying data from fundamental
human cancer genetics studies to the clinical arena for accurate molecular
diagnosis and pre-symptomatic predictive testing.” Eng's work
on tumor suppressor genes and oncogenesis in inherited cancers has helped
to improve the understanding of the cancer process in sporadic carcinogenesis.
Glaser, professor of molecular virology, immunology and
medical genetics and head of Ohio State’s Institute of Behavioral
Medicine Research, for “a seminal role in development of the field
of human psychoneuroimmunology with pioneering research on relationships
between psychological and immunological factors.” Along with his
research partner and wife, Janice Kiecolt-Glaser, a professor of psychology
and psychiatry, they are leaders in the field of psychoneuroimmunology
-- the study of how stress can affect immune status. His work on medical
students, newlyweds, the elderly, caregivers and the grief stricken
showed that psychological stress weakens normal immune status and may
affect the success of immunization and wound healing.
R. Grever, chair of the Department of Internal Medicine,
the Associate Dean for Medical Services, the Charles A. Doan Chair of
Medicine and a co-program leader of the Experimental Therapeutics Program
in the Comprehensive Cancer Center, for “distinguished contributions
to the field of experimental therapeutics, particularly for achievements
in the development of new chemotherapeutic agents to treat patients
with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.” Grever is internationally
known for his research in hematologic malignancies, such as leukemias,
lymphomas and myeloma. His work has led to discoveries on how to silence
certain proteins that interfere with chemotherapy.
T. Jacob, William C. and Joan E. Professor in Cancer Research,
professor of molecular and cellular biochemistry in Ohio State's College
of Medicine, and co-director of the Experimental Therapeutics Program
in the Comprehensive Cancer Center, for “distinguished contributions
to the field of RNA metabolism, gene expression, and the application
of DNA-modifying agents for chemotherapy of cancers.” Jacob's
work has revealed the basic mechanisms by which the gene for the protein
metallothionein protects cells from cell damage induced by a variety
of factors, including exposure to heavy metals and to ultraviolet radiation,
and the elucidation of molecular mechanisms for the suppression of genes
by DNA methylation. He has served on many national committees, more
recently as a member of the Expert Panel at the National Institutes
of Health to determine future research directions in nutrition and cancer.
Lemeshow, Dean of the School of Public Health, Director
of the Center for Biostatistics, and professor of statistics and biostatistics,
for “distinguished contributions to biostatistics and applied
statistics, including co-authorship of textbooks on logistic regression,
survival analysis, and survey sampling that have become classics for
applied researchers.” Lemeshow developed two of the three statistical
models currently used for assessing the severity of illness of patients
in intensive care units, and also helped to create the European System
for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation. He has been active in the analysis
of medical data resulting from complex sample surveys for institutions
such as the National Center for Health Statistics and the World Health
Lyons, professor of geological sciences and Director of
the Byrd Polar Research Center, for “distinguished contributions
to the field of environmental geochemistry, particularly studies of
arid and polar regions.” He is a highly regarded polar researcher,
and worked on the Long-Term Ecological Research programs at Lake Hoare,
one of only four rare ice-covered lakes in Antarctica’s Dry Valleys.
Lyons’ work on the chemistry and biology of these rare and highly
challenged ecosystems has provided new insights into how biological
systems are affected by climate change and human incursion. Lyons is
also recognized widely for work he has done on heavy metals contamination
of water systems in the Southeast and in the West.
S. Mosley-Thompson, professor of geography and research
scientist with the university’s Byrd Polar Research Center, for
“documenting climate change through ice-core measurements, for
leadership in the glacial research community, and for transmission of
climate-change science to the world community.” With her research
partner and husband Lonnie Thompson, a professor of geological sciences,
she heads the Paleoclimatological Research Group at the Byrd Center,
a team that has retrieved ice cores from remote sites on five continents.
Locked within those cores are ancient climate records, some of which
date back more than 600,000 years. Her work has already led to the prediction
that some tropical ice caps in South America and in Africa may be lost
to global warming within the next two decades.
- Wolfgang Sadée,
professor of pharmacology, medicine and pharmacy, Chair of the Department
of Pharmacology, Director of Ohio State's Pharmacogenomics program,
and Director of the School of Biomedical Sciences, for “distinguished
contributions to molecular pharmacology of G-protein coupled receptors,
in the development of novel opioid antagonists, and to the field of
pharmacogenomics." Sadée's research has led to discovering
a compound that affect's a person's dependence on narcotics –
this same work has led to a new approach for the treatment of drug addiction.
Moreover, his research in pharmacogenomics has revealed genetic variations
relevant to disease and therapy.
E. Schuller, professor and chair of the Department of Otolaryngology
and Director of the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove
Research Institute, for “distinguished contributions to the field
of cancers, for directing translational research of head and neck cancers
at the national level, and for leadership of a comprehensive cancer
center hospital and research institute.” Schuller's research has
led to new therapeutic strategies and surgical approaches for treating
head and neck cancer, and to new and more effective methods of surgical
reconstruction. He has been director of the Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital
and Richard J. Solove Research Institute as well as director and deputy
director of the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center since
D. Stoner, professor and holder of the Lucius Wing Endowed
Chair of the Division of Environmental Health Sciences, and professor
of pathology and human nutrition, for “distinguished contributions
to the fields of chemical carcinogenesis and chemoprevention of lung
and esophageal cancers both in animals and in humans.” Stoner
has shown how antioxidants in fruits and vegetables may help prevent
certain types of cancer. In a series of studies, black raspberries prevented
the development of colon cancer and esophageal cancer in rats. Stoner
has received numerous awards, including the NIH Young Investigator Award
and the NIH MERIT Award, in recognition of his research.
Guillaume Wientjes, professor of pharmacy, for “pioneering
the use of computational modeling in cancer chemotherapy, particularly
in translating preclinical data to identify effective patient treatments.”
Wientjes helped develop a three-dimensional system that allows researchers
to look at tumors in order to evaluate the effects of anti-tumor agents
as a function of drug concentration and treatment duration. He has also
helped to develop regional therapy for the treatment of bladder and
J. Yates, Associate Dean of the College of Medicine and
Public Health, and professor of pathology, for "distinguished contributions
to the field of neuropathology and neuro-oncology and for the establishment
of two integrated educational programs for graduate and MD-PhD students."
Yates was recognized for his research on the biochemical mechanisms
responsible for the aggressive growth of brain tumors, and for improving
methods to diagnose and predict the clinical behavior of such tumors.
He also helped establish a pioneering college-wide graduate program
with the theme "The Biology of Human Disease" to train researchers
to investigate abnormalities responsible for human diseases.
AAAS represents the world's largest federation of scientists and works
to advance science for human well being through its projects, programs
and publications. It conducts programs in the areas of science policy,
science education and international scientific cooperation. AAAS members
are elevated to the rank of Fellow for their efforts in advancing science
or fostering applications that are deemed scientifically or socially distinguished.
The association will publish the names of all 348 new Fellows in the
October 30 issue of the journal Science. The
Fellows will be honored in Seattle in February 2004, during the AAAS Annual
Contact: Thomas J. Rosol, (614) 292-1582; Rosol.firstname.lastname@example.org
Written by Pam Frost Gorder, (614) 292-9475; Gorder.email@example.com