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(Last updated 11/14/02)
AAAS HONORS SEVEN
FACULTY WITH RANK OF FELLOW
By Pam Frost Gorder
Seven Ohio State faculty members have just received the rank of Fellow
from the American Association for the Advancement
of Science (AAAS).
The new Fellows include:
de la Chapelle, director of the Human
Cancer Genetics Program at the Ohio State University Comprehensive
Cancer Center and holder of the Charlotte and Leonard Immke Chair
of Cancer Genetics, for his “pioneering studies on the familial
and genetic basis of human colorectal cancers and other malignant diseases.”
Among his many achievements, de la Chapelle has identified genes that
play a part in promoting or suppressing tumor growth, and developed
more accurate genetic testing.
J. Epstein, Distinguished University Professor of physics
and director of the Center
for Materials Research, for “leadership in the fundamental
and applied interdisciplinary science of conducting, semiconducting,
and magnetic polymers, particularly for the co-discovery and studies
of organic-based magnets.” Epstein has invented plastics and devices
that could one day replace metals in electronics and lead to light,
flexible video screens and high-density computer memories. His extensive
publications and patents are among the most cited in the field.
K. Kiecolt-Glaser, professor of psychology
and director of the Division of Health Psychology in the Department
of Psychiatry, for “pioneering research on the relations between
psychological and immunological factors and for a key role in the development
of the field of psychoneuroimmunology.” Kiecolt-Glaser and Ronald
Glaser, professor of molecular virology, immunology and medical genetics,
have demonstrated that psychological stress can decrease a person’s
immune response and even lessen the effectiveness of influenza and pneumonia
- Randy Nelson,
Distinguished University Professor of psychology
for “integrative perspectives on behavioral biology that are both
evolutionarily and medically grounded.” Nelson has shown how seasonal
changes affects animals’ susceptibility to illness. For instance,
shortened daylight hours cause mice to produce melatonin, which boosts
immune response; the work has implications for humans who take melatonin
supplements for sleep disorders. Nelson has also used mice to study
the physiological mechanisms underlying motivated behaviors such as
aggressive and reproductive behaviors.
F. Saam, professor and chair of the Department
of Physics, for "innovative research on interfacial phenomena,
especially wetting transitions, and for academic leadership." Saam
pioneered modern ideas of how solids, liquids, and gases interact with
each other -- leading to predictions of whether a liquid will form beads
on a surface or spread evenly. Since becoming chair in 1998, Saam expanded
departmental research to include new areas such as experimental biophysics
and string theory, and hired a new Ohio Eminent Scholar in Experimental
- Steven A. Slack,
associate vice president for Agricultural Administration and director
of the Ohio Agricultural
Research and Development Center, for “basic contributions
to pathogen detection and host plant resistance in potatoes, potato
tissue culture, and certification systems and for leadership in two
professional societies.” Slack has identified genes that help
plants resist bacteria and viruses, and developed hearty potato varieties
using these genes. He has served as president of both the American
Phytopathological Society and the Potato
Association of America.
- Brian H. Smith,
Professor of Entomology,
for "distinguished contributions to the field of learning and memory,
particularly for studies of how olfactory conditioning and discrimination
in honey bees." Smith investigations include the genetic and neural
mechanisms underlying odor learning and discrimination. He has demonstrated
that insects can be trained to respond to different scents, and that
there is a genetic basis for this behavior. These studies help to reveal
broad mechanisms of olfaction that apply to a wide array of animals,
With these seven new additions, Ohio State now has 61 AAAS Fellows among
AAAS members are elevated to the rank of Fellow because of their efforts
toward advancing science or fostering applications that are deemed scientifically
or socially distinguished. AAAS represents the world's largest federation
of scientists and works to advance science for human well-being through
its projects, programs and publications. It conducts programs in the areas
of science policy, science education and international scientific cooperation.
The association will publish the names of all 291 new Fellows in an
upcoming issue of the journal Science.
The Fellows will be honored in Denver in February 2003, during the AAAS